Irish Politics

Discover how Irish politics developed our country

War of Independence

(1919 – 1921)

The Irish War of Independence or Anglo-Irish War was a guerrilla war fought in Ireland from 1919 to 1921 between the Irish Republican Army and British forces: the British Army, along with the quasi-military Royal Irish Constabulary and its paramilitary forces the Auxiliaries and Ulster Special Constabulary.

At 2:20am 6 December 1921, the Anglo-Irish treaty was signed between Irish Republican and British leaders. The treaty established a self-governing Irish Free State and provided for Northern Ireland (established in 1920) to become part of the United Kingdom.

Sinn Féin is the largest Irish republican political party, and was historically associated with the IRA, while also having been associated with the Provisional IRAin the party’s modern incarnation. The Irish government alleged that senior members of Sinn Féin have held posts on the IRA Army Council.

Sinn Féin

Sinn Féin is a left-wing Irish republican political party active in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. The original Sinn Féin organisation was founded in 1905 by Arthur Griffith

Good Friday Agreement

(2nd December 1998)

The Belfast Agreement is also known as the Good Friday Agreement, because it was reached on Good Friday, 10 April 1998. It was a peace agreement between the British and Irish governments, and most of the political parties in Northern Ireland, on how Northern Ireland should be governed.

The talks leading to the Agreement addressed issues which had caused conflict during previous decades. The aim was establish a new, devolved government for Northern Ireland in which unionists and nationalists would share power.

James Connolly and Patrick Pearse were the leaders of the 1,000 man force. On April 24, 1916, the Monday after Easter, the small group took over several buildings in Dublin. Despite the great odds against them, the Irish patriots held out for about a week.

1916 Easter Rising

The Easter Rising, also known as the Easter Rebellion, was an armed insurrection in Ireland during Easter Week, April 1916. The Rising was launched by Irish republicans to end British rule in Ireland and establish an independent Irish Republic while the United Kingdom was heavily engaged in the First World War.

Irish Industry

Find out about Ireland’s great industries

Irish Pharmaceutical Industry

The pharmaceutical industry in Ireland comprises a mix of international and local companies. Approximately 120 overseas companies have plants in Ireland including 9 of the 10 largest pharmaceutical companies in the world.

The pharmaceutical industry in Ireland is highly advanced, incorporating the latest technology, state of the art equipment and strict quality control procedures. Ireland’s pharmaceutical industry offers a wide range of products and services, from research and development for new medicines to the manufacturing and marketing of new medicines for humans and animals.

Beer is Ireland’s favorite alcoholic beverage with 46% market share, it exports over 40% of the beer produced in Ireland to many markets globally and employs over 1300 people directly and supports about 40,000 jobs in the Irish economy. It injects €1.7b in added value into the Irish economy.


Irish Brewing Industry

Irish beer is ancient. You can trace it back no fewer than 5,000 years, back into the earliest days of Irish agriculture, when the magical trilogy of fertile soil, soft rain and gentle, cool breezes made for a climate that could produce superb barley.

Irish Food Industry

The manufacture of food and drink products is Ireland’s most important indigenous industry with a turnover of €27.5 billion. It is deeply integrated into the wider economy spending €18 billion per year on intermediate consumption in other sectors plus a further €2.1 billion on compensation of employees.

It is dispersed throughout the country and a strong driver of regional development accounting for 9.7% of total employment in the four economically weakest regions (Mid-East, Border, Midlands and South-East). In addition to servicing the domestic grocery and food service markets, the industry is highly internationalised and exports to 180 countries.

Ireland’s reputation as a centre of Software excellence is unrivalled in Europe. It is home to over 900 Software companies, including both multinational and indigenous firms, employing 24,000 people and generating €16 billion of exports annually.

Irish Software Industry

Ireland has the world’s second largest software exporter, Ireland is recognized internationally as a leading location for companies in theSoftware sector. Sixteen out of the top 20 global technology firms have strategic operations in Ireland, including Microsoft, Google, Apple and Facebook.

discover more about ireland

Irish Sports

Discover more about Irish Sports in Ireland and how it developed over time.

Poets + Artists

Discover how famous Irish poets and artists brought creativity to Ireland.

Irish Food + Drink

Discover our great traditional Irish food and drinks across the country.

Tourist attractions

Discover the most beautiful and worthwhile tourist attractions in Ireland.

Religion + Population

Discover more about Ireland's longest religious feud and our population.

Geography + Counties

Discover the geography and great counties of Ireland.

Irish History

Discover the history behind Ireland and how it came to be.

Famous Irish People

Discover the famous Irish people who put Ireland on the map.


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